gaze

Laura Mulvey first introduced the theory of the gaze in ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’ in Screen magazine (1975). She argued that women are objectified and stereotyped on the screen because of the way cinema is structured around three male ways of looking-or ‘gazes’. First, the way the camera looks in any filmed situation is voyeuristic, as most films are made by men; second, there is the gaze of men within a particular film itself, which is structured to make women appear as objects of their gaze; third, there is the gaze of the actual male spectator. Mulvey's theory was much influenced by Jacques Lacan's ideas about psychoanalysis. It has become important in feminist art theory and it has since been argued there is a female gaze as well as a male gaze.
Sociologists are increasingly beginning to consider the importance of visual representation in everyday life; arguably the distinction between social analysis and visual representation has become less clear-cut. Elizabeth Chaplin's Sociology and Visual Representation (1994) contains a good discussion of some key areas. The concept of gaze is increasingly seen as being important to the discussion of more traditional sociological topics-such as that of the family. Thus, for example, drawing on Michel Foucault's theory of the panopticon , as well as Bryan Turner's writings about the body, David H. J. Morgan has argued that the parental gaze over children is an important aspect of surveillance within families (see Family Connections: An Introduction to Family Studies, 1996).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • gaze — gaze …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Gaze — Gaze …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • gaze — [ gaz ] n. f. • 1461; p. ê. de la ville de Gaza 1 ♦ Tissu léger et transparent, de soie, de lin ou de laine, à armure complexe, à fils sinueux. Robe de gaze. ♢ Spécialt Bande, compresse de gaze (de coton). « La gaze enveloppait le crâne et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gazé — gaze [ gaz ] n. f. • 1461; p. ê. de la ville de Gaza 1 ♦ Tissu léger et transparent, de soie, de lin ou de laine, à armure complexe, à fils sinueux. Robe de gaze. ♢ Spécialt Bande, compresse de gaze (de coton). « La gaze enveloppait le crâne et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • GAZE — es un acrónimo de ‘gazte ekinzale’ que en euskara significa, joven emprendedor/a. Desde su creación, en el 2008, su objetivo principal ha sido fomentar la cultura emprendedora y el sentido de iniciativa entre la juventud estudiantil de educación… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gaze — The French term for gauze, and there are many fabrics made in France to which this name is given. The most common are as follows: Gaze a Bluter Made in cotton or silk and used for sifting purposes. It is a plain gauze. Gaze Brilliantine A high… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • Gaze — [ˈɡaːzə] oder Mull [mʊl] ist ein leichtes, halbdurchsichtiges Gewebe in Dreher , Scheindreher oder Leinwandbindung, wobei die Fäden in Dreherbindung weniger gegeneinander versetzt sind als in den beiden letztgenannten Arten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gaze — Gaze, ein dem Flor ähnliches, durchsichtiges, lockergewebtes Zeug, das nur dadurch von jenem verschieden ist, daß es stärkere Faden hat und dieselben weiter von einander abstehen. Man hat seidene, baumwollene und leinene Gaze, glatte und… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Gaze — Gaze, n. 1. A fixed look; a look of eagerness, wonder, or admiration; a continued look of attention. [1913 Webster] With secret gaze Or open admiration him behold. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. The object gazed on. [1913 Webster] Made of my enemies… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gaze — vb Gaze, gape, stare, glare, peer, gloat are comparable when meaning to look at long and attentively, but they vary greatly in their implications of attitude and motive. Gaze implies fixed and prolonged attention (as in admiration, curiosity, or… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Gaze — (g[=a]z), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Gazed} (g[=a]zd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Gazing}.] [OE. gasen, akin to dial. Sw. gasa, cf. Goth. us gaisjan to terrify, us geisnan to be terrified. Cf. {Aghast}, {Ghastly}, {Ghost}, {Hesitate}.] To fix the eyes in a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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